A time trip to the origin and a quantum leap into the 21st century

FREEDIVING HISTORY
" All life has its origin in the sea, and who opens himself to the sea, finds excitement and relaxation."
(Hippocrates of Kos)

Apnea diving has a long tradition. The first known freedivers were the people of Haenyeo in Korea as well as the Japanese Ama divers who dived for shells and sponges, more than 2000 years ago. The tradition of the Amas is still carried out today in Japan. Spearfishers, pearl divers and freedivers for military purposes are other traditional forms of freediving.
However, the new era of freediving as a sport started only in 1949 when Raimondo Bucher bet he could dive down to 30m!
Although there has been various freediving disciplines and records in the past, it was predominantly in the last 50 years that freediving as a sport developed its most.

 

 

 

TODAY'S FREE DIVE DISCIPLINES

However, the new era of freediving as a sport started only in 1949 when Raimondo Bucher bet he could dive down to 30m!
Although there have been various freediving disciplines and records in the past, it was predominantly in the last 50 years that freediving as a sport developed its most. The freediving disciplines nowadays are:

Constant Weight
The diver must descend and ascend using only fins and is not allowed to drop any diving weight during the dive.

Variable Weight
The diver uses a weighted sled (max. 35kg)  for descend and returns by pulling on a line or swimming with or without fins.  

No Limits
The diver uses a weighted sled (no max weight required) to dive down and uses an inflatable bag to return to the surface.

Free Immersion
The diver has no fins and uses the line to dive down as well as to return to the surface.  

Constant Weight without fins
The same as in Constant Weight but with no fins and without pulling on the line.

Static
The diver tries to hold his breath as long as possible with at least his head underwater.

Dynamic
The diver dives a horizontal distance, with fins (bi-fins or monofin) or without fins.  

OFFICIAL WORLD RECORDS AIDA
 

Discipline

Women

MEN

P
o
o
l

Static

STA

9:02 min
Natalja Moltschanowa
(21. Juni 2013)

11:35 min
Stephane Mifsud
(8. Juni 2009)

Distance Without
Fins

DNF

182 m
Magdalena Solich
(2. Juli 2016)

244 m
Mateusz Malina
(3. Juli 2016)

With

Fins

DYN

237 m
Natalja Moltschanowa
(19. Sep. 2014)

300 m
Giorgos Panagiotakis
Mateusz Malina
(2. Juli 2016)

D
E
E
P

D
I
V
I
N
G
 

Constant

Weight

Without Fins

CNF

72 m
Sayuri Kinoshita
(26. Apr. 2016)

102 m
William Trubridge
(20. Juli 2016)

With
Fins

CWT

101 m
Natalja Moltschanowa
(15. Sep. 2011)

128 m
Alexei Moltschanow
(15. Sep. 2013)

Free

Immersion

FIM

92 m
Jeanine Grasmeijer
(6. Sep. 2016)

124 m
William Trubridge
(2. Mai  2016)

Variable

Weight

With Fins

VWT

130 m
Nanja van der Broek
(18. Okt. 2015)

146 m
Stavros Kastrinakis
(1. Nov. 2015)

No

Limit

NLT

160 m
Tanya Streeter
(17. Aug. 2002)

214 m
Herbert Nitsch
(14. Juni 2007)

 

 

LITERATURE

- Umberto Pelizzari (ITA)
http://www.umbertopelizzari.com/profilo
Book: Underwater on a Single Breath, Analysis and Management of Physical Preparation

- Andrea Zuccari (ITA)
http://www.deeperblue.com

- Nik Linder (D)
https://www.nikolaylinder.de/
Books: Apnoe, Apnoe&Meditation(Relaqua)

- Dagmar Andres-Brümmer (D)
Book: Grundlagen, Trainingstipps, Praxis.

- Pipin Ferreras: (CU)
Books: The Dive - A story of love and obsession, O Mergulho